European Training Model for the Caregivers of Older People

The IENE7 Training model is based on the the original Papadopoulos, Tilki and Taylor Model (PTT)for Developing Cultural Competence (1998, 2006) and the PTT/IENE Model for Intercultural Education of Nurses in Europe (

It is also based on the findings of a Review of the national and international literature, job analyses, occupational standards, continuing professional development courses, related to migrant and foreign workers caring for older people, conducted in UK, Romania, Italy and Spain.

Download the Review Report

Download the Training Model

The model provided the framework for building and delivery of the Training Curriculum for the caregivers of older people

Download the Curriculum